No palm or soy oil
As in previous years, no biofuels based on palm or soy oil are used in the Netherlands. Used cooking oil was the most used raw material (61%) in biofuel in 2017. In recent years, the percentage from waste flows has risen to around 70% in 2017.
Biofuels that are used as diesel replacements and biogas were all produced from waste flows and residues in 2017. Of all the renewable alternatives to replace fossil fuels on the Dutch market, diesel replacements made of used cooking oil and animal fat have the lowest emission factor.
According to the NEa report, all the raw materials used in 2017 were ISCC-certified. This means, for example, that no deforestation occurred and that the raw materials were not grown on peat moor. All the raw materials for biofuels thus fulfil the European sustainability requirements from the Renewable Energy Directive (RED).
Based on the Fuel Quality Directive, companies that market fuels reduce the CO2 emissions of the fuels by 6% in 2020. The low CO2 emission value of the used biodiesel is a huge contributor to this. In 2017 the reduction percentage was three, meaning that half of this objective had been achieved.
Frans Claassen, director of MVO - The Oils and fats Industry: ‘The use of biofuels in the transport sector is important to help prevent climate change and achieve the objectives of the Paris Climate Accord of 2015. Biofuels will continue playing an important role in improving the sustainability of the transport sector.’
The physical volume of reported renewable energy in 2017 was 19.5 million GJ. This is a rise of 10% compared with 2016. The energy content of biofuels based on waste substances and residues may be counted double. By using more double-counted material, the calculated energy volume of the renewable energy in 2017 rose by 12%. The use of double-counted biofuels rose from 66 to 69%.
Level playing field
Trade in raw materials for biofuels is international. Most (54%) of the raw materials for biofuels come from Europe. Asia and North America follow with 25% and 15% respectively. MVO - The Oils and Fats Industry, requests specific attention from the Dutch and European authorities for a level playing field for the trade in (raw materials for) biofuels, without export subsidies or dumping practices.
Click here for the report 'Energie voor Vervoer in Nederland 2017' (Dutch only).