Farm animals are slaughtered for human consumption. Byproducts from the slaughtering are used for various applications. Proteins and fats are derived from these byproducts and further processed for use in feed-, food- and technical products.In the Netherlands, animal fats are derived from cattle, pigs, poultry and other animals. The different animal fat types and qualities are divided into four categories established by law. The materials are classified in the slaughterhouse. The raw materials must meet strict legal provisions inspected by the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA).
There are two categories for animal fat destined for the food chain:
- Animal fat suitable for human consumption. This fat does not have a category number. It is the only fat that falls under the Netherlands Hygiene Regulation for Foods of Animal Origin and not under the Animal By-products Regulation;
- Animal fat suitable for use in animal feeds, the so-called Category 3 Fat.
In addition to being the main product from crude or unrendered fats, rendered animal fats are also extracted as a by-product in the gelatine production process. These fats are suitable for use in animal feeds.
There are also two animal fat categories for the industrial and energy sectors:
- Animal fat suitable for use in industry, the so-called Category 2 Fat;
- Animal fat suitable for generating energy, the so-called Category 1 Fat.
The crude or unrendered fat is heated and separated into rendered animal fat and animal proteins. Each type has its own legal requirements for the production process, hygiene, transport and storage, inspection, mandatory documentation and authorised destinations.
The Animal Fat Sector
The animal fat sector comprises the following companies:
- Producers of animal fats
- Producers of compound fats
- Trading companies in animal fats and compound fats
Suppliers such as slaughterhouses (meat sector) and buyers such as compound feed companies (animal feed sector), oleochemical companies (chemical sector) and energy producers (energy sector) maintain close links with the sector, and while they belong to the chain they are not considered part of the animal fat sector.
Four Types of Producers
There are four types of producers of animal fat, depending on the raw materials they process:
- Producers of animal fats suitable for human consumption;
- Producers of animal fats suitable for use in animal feeds;
- Producers of animal fats suitable for use in industry;
- Producers of animal fats suitable for generating energy.
The first two acquire their raw materials from animals that the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA) has authorised for human consumption.
The other producers process by-products that are unsuitable for human consumption.
Last modified: September 10, 2020 16:31